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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Is the truth in the details? Extended narratives help distinguishing false “memories” from false “reports”

Författare och institution:
Björn Sjöden (Psykologiska institutionen); Pär-Anders Granhag (Psykologiska institutionen); James Ost (-); Emma Roos Af Hjelmsäter (Psykologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50 s. 203–210
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The present study examined the effects of fantasy proneness on false “reports” and false “memories”, of existent and non-existent footage of a public event. We predicted that highly fantasy prone individuals would be more likely to stand by their initial claim of having seen a film of the event than low fantasy prone participants when prompted for more details about their experiences. Eighty creative arts students and 80 other students were asked whether they had seen CCTV footage preceding the attack on Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh up to, and including, non-existent footage of the actual moment of the attack. If affirmative, they were probed for extended narratives of what they claimed to have seen. Overall, 64% of participants provided a false “report” by answering yes to the initial question. Of these, 30% provided no explicit details of the attack, and a further 15% retracted their initial answer in their narratives. This left 19% of the sample who appeared to have false “memories” because they provided explicit details of the actual moment of the attack. Women scored higher than men and art students scored higher than other students on fantasy proneness, but there was no effect on levels of false reporting or false “memory”. Memories were rated more vivid and clear for existent compared to non-existent aspects of the event. In sum, these data suggest a more complex relationship between memory distortions and fantasy proneness than previously observed.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
False memories, false reports, suggestive interviewing, memory distortions, false testimonies
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2009-09-28 10:56
Posten ändrad:
2010-01-26 12:56

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