|Göteborgs universitets publikationer
The suffering of tinnitus in childhood and adolescence.
Författare och institution:
Kajsa-Mia Holgers (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för hud, plastik och öron); Jolanta Juul (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för arbetsterapi, audiologi och fysioterapi)
International journal of audiology, 45 ( 5 ) s. 267-72
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the profile of young patients complaining of tinnitus and study the prevalence and the severity of tinnitus in schoolchildren. DESIGN: Ninety-five consecutive patients (55 boys), 8-20 years old, seeking help for tinnitus at our clinic were studied using audiometry, structural interviews, Tinnitus Severity Questionnaire (TSQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), together with Visual Analog Scales (VAS) on tinnitus loudness and annoyance. RESULTS: The onset of tinnitus was twice as often sudden than gradual. In 54% of the children, tinnitus had started after noise exposure, most commonly listening to music. Correlations were found between the pure-tone average (PTA) of 3, 4, and 6 kHz and TSQ scores; between TSQ and HAD subscales; and between TSQ and VAS. According to the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale, 32% and 14.5%, respectively, were above the cut level for clinical anxiety and depressive disorders. The girls showed more signs of anxiety disorders than the boys. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of the help seekers had been exposed to noise, mostly music. Predisposing factors for tinnitus severity are high-frequency hearing loss and anxiety and depressive disorders.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
Adolescent, Adult, Anxiety, complications, Audiometry, Pure-Tone, Child, Depression, complications, Female, Hearing Loss, High-Frequency, complications, Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced, complications, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Severity of Illness Index, Tinnitus, epidemiology, physiopathology, psychology