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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Adolescent-onset anorexia nervosa: 18-year outcome.

Författare och institution:
Elisabet Wentz (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi); I Carina Gillberg (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi); Henrik Anckarsäter (-); Christopher Gillberg (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi); Maria Råstam (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi)
Publicerad i:
British Journal of Psychiatry , 194 ( 2 ) s. 168-174
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcome of anorexia nervosa is insufficiently researched. AIMS: To study prospectively the long-term outcome and prognostic factors in a representative sample of people with teenage-onset anorexia nervosa. METHOD: Fifty-one people with anorexia nervosa, recruited by community screening and with a mean age at onset of 14 years were compared with 51 matched comparison individuals at a mean age of 32 years (18 years after disorder onset). All participants had been examined at ages 16 years, 21 years and 24 years. They were interviewed for Axis I psychiatric disorders and overall outcome (Morgan-Russell assessment schedule and the Global Assessment of Functioning). RESULTS: There were no deaths. Twelve per cent (n=6) had a persisting eating disorder, including three with anorexia nervosa. Thirty-nine per cent of the anorexia nervosa group met the criteria for at least one psychiatric disorder. The general outcome was poor in 12%. One in four did not have paid employment owing to psychiatric problems. Poor outcome was predicted by premorbid obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, age at onset of anorexia nervosa and autistic traits. CONCLUSIONS: The 18-year outcome of teenage-onset anorexia nervosa is favourable in respect of mortality and persisting eating disorder.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Psykiatri ->
Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri
Adolescent, Age of Onset, Anorexia Nervosa, Epidemiology, Case-Control Studies, Chronic Disease, Comorbidity, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Mood Disorders, Epidemiology, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Statistics & numerical data, Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Statistics & numerical data, Social Adjustment, Young Adult
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2009-02-11 11:22
Posten ändrad:
2012-08-24 13:47

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