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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Glucocorticoid-dependent stimulation of adiposity and appetite by a ghrelin mimetic in the rat

Författare och institution:
YL Tung (-); A K Hewson (-); Suzanne L. Dickson (Institutionen för fysiologi och farmakologi, Avdelningen för fysiologi)
Publicerad i:
European journal of endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies, 150 ( 6 ) s. 905-911
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
OBJECTIVE: Chronic administration of GH secretagogues (GHSs) induces a state of positive energy balance in rodents by a GH-independent mechanism. Here we sought to determine to what extent the GHS effects to increase food intake and increase fat accumulation are glucocorticoid-dependent. DESIGN: The effects of twice-daily s.c. injections of GH-releasing peptide-6 (GHRP-6) (250 microg/kg) for 2 weeks on body weight, food intake and fat pad weight were determined in both adrenalectomised (ADX) rats (with or without basal corticosterone replacement) and adrenal-intact rats. RESULTS: All GHS-injected rats had a significantly increased body weight at the end of 2 weeks of treatment compared with saline controls. However, increased fat accumulation was only seen in adrenal-intact rats, with a 15% increase in s.c. inguinal (P<0.05 vs saline controls) and 20% increase in visceral mesenteric (P<0.05) fat pad weights following GHS treatment. The increased body weight observed in ADX rats following GHS treatment was not due to increased fat mass or increased weight of other organs measured. Food intake was increased for up to 7 h following a single injection of GHRP-6 in both the adrenal-intact (P<0.01) and corticosterone-replacement groups (P<0.05). This stimulating effect on food intake was not observed at any time point in the ADX rats without corticosterone replacement. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that GHS-induced body weight gain is glucocorticoid-independent. However, basal levels of glucocorticoids are permissive for the GHS-induced increase in food intake whilst activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis appears to contribute to the GHS-induced accumulation of fat mass.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Endokrinologi och diabetes ->
corticotropin-releasing hormone, pituitary-adrenal axis, growth-hormone, food-intake, plasma-corticosterone, secretagogue-receptor, gh secretagogues, humans, increases, peptide-6, Adipose Tissue, Adrenalectomy, Animals, Appetite, drug effects, Body Composition, drug effects, Body Weight, drug effects, Corticosterone, administration & dosage, Eating, drug effects, Female, Ghrelin, Glucocorticoids, physiology, Kinetics, Oligopeptides, administration & dosage, Peptide Hormones, agonists, Rats, Wistar
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2009-01-28 15:42
Posten ändrad:
2009-05-11 10:12

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