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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Ammonium selective fluorosensor based on the principles of coextraction

Författare och institution:
Niklas Strömberg (Institutionen för kemi); Stefan Hulth (Institutionen för kemi)
Publicerad i:
Analytica Chimica Acta, 443 ( 2 ) s. 215-225
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The overall objective of this study was to develop an optical fluorosensor (optode) for real-time measurements of ammonium concentrations in natural liquid samples. An NH4+ optode that can be used at such conditions should be analyte specific and independent of ionic strength and pH within a range normally found in such samples (pH 6-8; I-tot 0-700 mM). Additional desired sensor feature is a short response time (preferably minutes or less). This work presents an NH4+ fluorosensor that utilizes similar principles previously described for a K+ selective fluorosensor, i.e. coextraction of a nonactin- ammonium complex and a solvatochromic dye in a hydrogel-ether emulsion. The sensor was tested for its selectivity for ammonium ions compared to other solutes from which interferences frequently have been reported, e.g. K+ and H+. Furthermore, sensor performance at different ionic strengths (I) was evaluated. The ammonium fluorosensor was found to be (i) analyte specific with a selectivity coefficient (K- NH4+.K+(opt)) of 7 x 10(-2), i.e. sensor membranes are about twice as selective to ammonium relative potassium compared to previous studies of electrochemical sensors; (ii) pH independent within the interval 6.0-7.8; (iii) dependent on ionic strength within the interval 100-700 mM, with optimal performance at lowest I-tot evaluated (100 mm); (iv) has a response time of less than 4 min; (v) has the ability to reversibly sense NH4+ even at muM levels. Sensor dynamic range was estimated as 10 muM-100 mM NH4+ in a sample matrix with ionic strength of 100 mM. Construction, configuration and composition of sensor membranes make the ammonium fluorosensor several times reusable, with a sensor shelf life time of at least 8 months. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Kemi ->
Analytisk kemi
NH4+, optode, coextraction, selectivity coefficient, ionic, strength, K+, pH, optical sensors, membrane electrodes, neutral ionophores, anionic dye, potassium, optodes, probe, ions
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2009-01-15 21:24
Posten ändrad:
2009-01-15 22:10

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