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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Caspase and proteasome activity during staurosporin-induced apoptosis in lens epithelial cells

Författare och institution:
Madeleine Andersson (Institutionen för klinisk neurovetenskap, Sektionen för oftalmologi); Johan Sjöstrand (Institutionen för klinisk neurovetenskap, Sektionen för oftalmologi); Anne Petersen (Institutionen för anatomi och cellbiologi); Antovan Honarvar (Institutionen för klinisk neurovetenskap, Sektionen för oftalmologi); Jan-Olof Karlsson (Institutionen för anatomi och cellbiologi)
Publicerad i:
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 41 ( 9 ) s. 2623-32
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
PURPOSE: To determine what caspases are activated during staurosporin-induced apoptosis in cultured bovine lens epithelial cells (BLECs), to study the time course of caspase activation in relation to morphologic changes, and to investigate the effect of caspase and/or proteasome inhibition on apoptosis. METHODS: BLECs were incubated with staurosporin at different concentrations or for different times. Phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization was detected by annexin-V labeling, nuclear morphology was studied by staining with Hoechst 33342 stain (Hoechst, Frankfurt, Germany), and the percentage of apoptotic cells was determined by the TdT-dUTP terminal nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The activity of caspase-1, -2, -3, -4, -8, and -9 as well as the chymotrypsin-like activity of the proteasome was measured by the use of fluorogenic peptide substrates. Inhibition of the proteasome was performed by incubation with 10 microM lactacystin, and caspases were inhibited by 1 microM Z-DEVD-FMK or 20 microM Z-VAD-FMK. RESULTS: Staurosporin treatment caused a dose- and time-dependent increase in the number of apoptotic cells and in caspase-3 activity. Activation of caspase-2, -4, -8, and -9 was also seen. Caspase activity was increased after 3 hours' incubation with 1 microM staurosporin, which is also the time when most cells became annexin-V-positive. Nuclear changes indicative of apoptosis, viewed with both Hoechst and TUNEL staining, appeared after 4 to 6 hours of staurosporin incubation. Incubation of BLECs with lactacystin caused reduction of proteasome activity and increased apoptosis, evidenced in both the TUNEL assay and caspase-3 activation. Preincubation of lens epithelial cells with caspase inhibitors caused complete inhibition of lactacystin- or staurosporin-induced caspase-3 activation (Z-DEVD-FMK/Z-VAD-FMK) and also of caspase-2, -4, -8, and -9 (Z-VAD-FMK), but the reduction in TUNEL-positive cells was only partial. PS translocation and DNA fragmentation after staurosporin treatment occurred despite complete caspase blockade. CONCLUSIONS: Staurosporin-induced apoptosis in BLECs involves activation of several caspases. Inhibition of the proteasome causes caspase-3 activation and apoptosis. Both staurosporin- and lactacystin-induced apoptosis can be executed in a caspase-independent manner. The present data are useful for understanding of proteolytic mechanisms during apoptosis in lens epithelial cells, which may be an important event in normal lens development as well as in some types of cataract.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Acetylcysteine/*analogs &amp, derivatives/pharmacology, Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones/pharmacology, Animal, Apoptosis/*drug effects, Benzimidazoles, Caspases/antagonists &amp, inhibitors/*metabolism, Cattle, Cells, Cultured, Cysteine Endopeptidases/*metabolism, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Enzyme Inhibitors/*pharmacology, Epithelial Cells/drug effects/*enzymology/pathology, Fluorescent Dyes, In Situ Nick-End Labeling, Lens, Crystalline/drug effects/*enzymology/pathology, Multienzyme Complexes/antagonists &amp, inhibitors/*metabolism, Oligopeptides/pharmacology, Staurosporine/*pharmacology, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Time Factors
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2009-01-15 13:33
Posten ändrad:
2010-01-26 11:04

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