|Göteborgs universitets publikationer
Working conditions and health among female and male employees at a call center in Sweden.
Författare och institution:
Kerstin Norman (-); Tohr Nilsson (-); Mats Hagberg (Institutionen för invärtesmedicin, Avdelningen för internmedicin); Ewa Wigaeus Tornqvist (-); Allan Toomingas (-)
American journal of industrial medicine, 46 ( 1 ) s. 55-62
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
BACKGROUND: The call center industry is one of the most expansive labor market sectors in Sweden today. The purpose of this study was to investigate the working conditions and symptoms among employees at a call center in Sweden. METHODS: This study represents the cross-sectional baseline survey, which was part of a prospective cohort study. Fifty-seven call center workers were compared with a reference group of 1,459 professional computer users from other occupations. A questionnaire covered physical and psychosocial working conditions and symptoms during the last month. Structured observations in accordance with an ergonomic checklist were used to assess workstation design during the subject's ordinary work. RESULTS: The call center group had worked for a shorter time in their present tasks and spent longer continuous time in front of the computer than the reference group. There were deficiencies in workspace, keyboard- and input device placement. The subjects reported poor support from their immediate supervisor, low control and limited opportunities to influence their work. A higher proportion of the call center group reported musculoskeletal symptoms. CONCLUSION: The call center operators were exposed to working conditions that in other studies have indicated an increased risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders. The study also shows that young computer operators in the call center group with a short working career had a higher prevalence of neck- and upper extremity symptoms than older computer workers in other labor market sectors.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Computers, utilization, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Human Engineering, Humans, Information Centers, Job Satisfaction, Male, Middle Aged, Musculoskeletal Diseases, complications, epidemiology, Occupational Exposure, adverse effects, Occupational Health, statistics & numerical data, Pain, epidemiology, etiology, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sweden, epidemiology, Telecommunications, manpower, Workplace, psychology, statistics & numerical data