Conceptions, conflicts and contradictions in the introduction of a Swedish Health Call Centre
Författare och institution:
Monica Andersson Bäck (Institutionen för arbetsvetenskap)
University of Gothenburg
Datum för examination:
Tidpunkt för examination:
Sal 10, Universitets huvudbyggnad, Vasaparken, Göteborg
Dr Carole Thornley
Call centres have been called the industrialisation of the service sector, characterised by mon¬o¬¬tonous, highly controlled work and standardised procedures performed in an old-fashion¬ed, Tayloristic spirit. Stress and work intensification are known implications of such work. Healthcare on the other hand, is based on bureaucracy, but has professional staff. Nurses describe their occupation in terms of caring, cherishing, educating the sick, being de¬dicat¬ed and genuinely concerned for the patient, while assessing and treating individual reactions to health problems. But what happens in a health call centre (HCC)? The call centre is aimed at mass-production, the monitoring of work, performance targets and control. The overall aim of the thesis regards how can this be combined with the nursing profession and the consciousness of taking care of people in vulnerable states of pain and anxiety?
The thesis draws on a study of an HCC in western Sweden, covering the period from 2002 to 2006, based on more than 80 semi-structured interviews with key actors, 400 struc¬tur¬ed interviews with care-seekers, repeated observations, written documents and other sources. The results shows how HCC work and work organisation are concieved based on social relations, which are shaped and influenced by institutions and social actors. In a Swedish context, the organisation of HCCs have been introduced on a broad scale since the late 1990s, and it catches the characteristics of the Swedish healthcare system in the horns of a dilemma, i.e. the ambition to simultanously address (1) equality (2) high quality (3) effic¬¬iency and cost control and (4) freedom of choice. Designed to solve healthcare problems HCCs imply new ways to organis¬e work within healthcare, based on new techno¬logy, a kind of Swedish New Public Management practices and rethoric, control mechanisms and new work relations. Yet the HCC strongly emphasises the continuity of Swedish health¬care connected to overall institutional features in political, economic, regulatory and cultural terms. Accordlingly, the case-study also shows a process of tensions, conflicts and resistance. Visualised as operating in a battlefield, the actors expressed strong and divergent concep¬tions towards the HCC. The tensions consider focus on primary care versus resources to secon¬dary care, meeting demands for access and immediate care versus steering healthcare, adapting versus changing demands, the responsible care-seeker versus the exigent healthcare consumer, rationalising human service versus more calls on the phone, control versus coordi¬na¬tion. For the telenurses the contradictions are also to full¬fill both quantity and quality imperatives and to work in line with ethics and socialised convictions, while wanting care-seekers as well as physicians to be satisfied.
The HCC confirms both a positive and negative picture of call centres embracing contradictions such as control versus autonomy, participation versus exclusion, professional responsibility versus professional vulnerability, upskilling versus deskilling, younger versus older nursing generations, work intensification versus less physical work, isolation versus freedom and different aspects of emotional labour. The concept of HCC might be interpreted as a movement in the direction of a more liberal, Anglo-Saxion model of economy, but with distinct tendency toward divergency characterised by Swedish industrial relations and work organisation for the healthcare sector and related to the continuous professionalisation project within nursing.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Sweden, healthcare, health call centre, telephone advice nursing, New Public Management, institutions, conceptions, work organisation, labour process, professionals, care-seekers
Ingår i serien Skrifter från Institutionen för Arbetsvetenskap #4
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