Gendered organizational and working conditions, and women's and men's health.
Författare och institution:
Annika Härenstam (Institutionen för arbetsvetenskap)
V International Congress on Women, Work and Health, Zacatecas Mexico, October 2008, Keynote, Abstracts,
Working life is segregated by gender, both vertically and horizontally. This is a well-known fact. Gender segregation can be found everywhere, in all times and places over the world. Despite efforts to increase gender equality, not the least in the Scandinavian countries which sometimes are regarded as the best of worlds for women, the gender order is over and over again reconstructed.
In order to facilitate change towards gender equality, gendering structures and processes have to be revealed. But they are inert, immanent and difficult to explore. Field-studies of daily work practices, and relations in organizations is one method. Another is to apply a holistic approach that includes information on both work and non-work activities.
I will present results of a Swedish survey study where different types of work and living conditions are identified by pattern analysis and compared with regard to health, salary, employability and job satisfaction. By this method, different varieties of situations for women and men are detected and generalisations to all women and all men are avoided. The results show that gender and class are interrelated and help to explain risks and possibilities for different groups. However, regardless of socio-economic position, situations typical for women had the highest risks of ill-health and low salary. Situations typical for low-educated men had increased risks of low employability and job satisfaction. The best situation regardless of outcome studied, were found in gender-mixed situations.
Results of field-studies of female and male dominated organizations show how organizational changes are implemented differently in these organizations and thus contribute to reconstruct the traditional gender order.
The two methodological approaches in combination contribute to the understanding of why women and men are exposed to different working conditions and lead to different power in working life and risks of ill-health.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ->
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi ->
Industriell teknik och ekonomi ->
Arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin ->
methods, cluster analysis, multilevel analysis, gender, work, health
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