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Feeding biology and carbon budget of the sediment-burrowing heart urchin Brissopsis lyrifera (Echinoidea : Spatangoida)

Författare och institution:
K. Hollertz (Institutionen för marin ekologi)
Publicerad i:
Marine Biology, 140 ( 5 ) s. 959-969
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
This study of the burrowing heart urchin Brissopsis lyrifera includes measurements on feeding and food selection, ingestion rate, absorption efficiency, ventilation and respiration. B. lyrifera regulated feeding depth, ingestion rate and absorption efficiency in relation to food source. When food was added to the top layer of sediment, B. lyrifera burrowed closer to the surface and ingested mainly enriched surface material, whereas it burrowed deeper and ingested deep-seated sediment in the controls. In non-enriched sediment, the feeding rate was 0.04 g sediment DW h(-1) ind.(-1), and, in macro- and microalga-enriched sediment the feeding rate was 0.06 and 0.08 g sediment DW h(-1) ind.(-1), respectively. Absorption efficiency of TOC was about 43% in nonenriched sediment and in microalga-enriched sediment, but was significantly lower (34%) in macroalga-enriched sediment. Absorption efficiency of N varied between 48% and 55%, and was independent of food source. B. lyrifera feed selectively, enriching the gut TOC content about 2-fold and N content about 2.5-fold. The C/N ratio was therefore lower within the gut compared to the surrounding sediment, while the faecal C/N ratio was almost equal to the surrounding sediment. The faeces were, however, slightly richer in TOC and N compared to the surrounding sediment. For 3-5 cm long B. era, water current rate varied between 4 and 24 ml water h-1, with a mean of 11 ml h(-1). Mean respiration rate was 205 mul O-2 h(-1) ind.(-1). The water current rate was not sufficient for B. lyrifera to sustain itself by filter feeding only. However, organic-rich particles from the surface are suggested to be an important contribution to the diet. A carbon budget was calculated for B. lyrifera from measured values of consumption, absorption efficiency and respiration, in order to estimate annual production of B. lyrifera. Compared to literature values, growth was overestimated about tenfold in the budget. A large proportion of the absorbed carbon was suggested to leave the animal as dissolved carbon, through mucus production or through anaerobic pathways, either by the heart urchin or by micro-organisms in the gut.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
echinocardium-cordatum echinodermata, mytilus-edulis, sea-urchin, communities, flow
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2009-01-08 09:55

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