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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Nitrogen fixation and growth rates of Trichodesmium IMS-101 as a function of light intensity

Författare och institution:
Eike Breitbarth (Institutionen för kemi); E Wohlers (-); J Kläs (-); J La Roche (-); I Peeken (-)
Publicerad i:
Marine Ecology Progess Series, 359 s. 25-36
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The diazotrophic cyanobacterium Trichodesmium is a significant contributor to marine nitrogen and carbon cycles and has been incorporated in biogeochemical ocean circulation models. To date, parameterization of light as a controlling factor for nitrogen fixation has been based on field observations, where factors other than light also affect Trichodesmium physiology. Here we present data on light-dependent (15 to 1100 µmol quanta m–2 s–1) diazotrophic growth from controlled laboratory experiments and their implications for modeling approaches. We supply a simple empirical model to describe nitrogen fixation by Trichodesmium in batch cultures. Diazotrophic growth of axenic Trichodesmium IMS-101 was light saturated at 180 µmol quanta m–2 s–1 and did not vary significantly at higher photon irradiances up to 1100 µmol quanta m–2 s–1 (μcarbon based ≈ 0.26 d–1). Chlorophyll a (chl a) normalized N2 fixation rates were significantly affected by light intensity during mid-exponential growth (0.74 to 4.45 mol N fixed mol chl a–1 h–1) over the range of photon irradiances tested. In contrast, nitrogen fixation rates normalized to the cellular carbon content were relatively unaffected by light intensity (0.42 to 0.59, averaging 0.5 mmol N mol particulate organic carbon [POC]–1 h–1). Trichodesmium carbon biomass can be used to estimate the nitrogen input by this diazotroph into the ocean; the maximum input rate is 350 nmol N fixed l–1 h–1.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Trichodesmium · Light · Nitrogen fixation · Marine nitrogen cycle · Marine carbon cycle · Marine cyanobacteria · Diazotrophic growth
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2008-12-16 09:38
Posten ändrad:
2010-01-26 10:51

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