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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Thalamic activation in a disc herniation model.

Författare och institution:
Helena Brisby (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för anestesi, biomaterial och ortopedi); Ingela Hammar (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för fysiologi)
Publicerad i:
Spine, 32 ( 25 ) s. 2846-52
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
STUDY DESIGN: A novel approach combining a rodent disc herniation model with electrophysiologic recordings of thalamic evoked responses. OBJECTIVE: To assess short-term effects of nucleus pulposus (NP) application on dorsal root ganglions (DRG) on high threshold afferent fiber evoked activation in the thalamus. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Epidural application of NP in combination with mechanical compression induces pain related behavior in rats associated with enhanced activity of pain-processing neurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. However, possible effects on neuronal activity in the pain processing ventral posterior lateral (VPL) thalamic nucleus following NP application on DRG have not been investigated. METHODS: Responses in the contralateral VPL evoked by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve and of the fourth lumbar (L4) DRG were recorded in adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Records were obtained before and during application (5, 10, and 20 minutes) of NP or of adipose tissue (AT) to the L4 DRG. AT was used as control for mechanical effects of NP application. RESULTS: Application of NP resulted in an increase of evoked thalamic responses to 138% +/- 10% of control after 20 minutes (P < 0.01), whereas AT application for 20 minutes resulted in a reduction of evoked responses to 77% +/- 4% (P < 0.05). Recordings in control animals (i.e., with no application) demonstrated stable evoked neuronal thalamic activity for up to 40 minutes. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that NP application onto DRG increases afferent fiber evoked responses in the thalamus and in view of the opposite effects of AT application suggests that these effects may be specific for NP. The results show that NP affects sensory transmitting pathways within a few minutes, possibly due to rapid and reversible alterations in the neuronal excitability. The study thus introduces a rodent model for studying sensory afferent evoked thalamic activity related to DRG injury which may be used to evaluate analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs used for pain relief in disc herniation and neuropathic pain patients.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Fysiologi ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Kirurgi ->
Adipose Tissue, transplantation, Afferent Pathways, physiopathology, Animals, Back Pain, etiology, physiopathology, Disease Models, Animal, Electric Stimulation, Evoked Potentials, Female, Ganglia, Spinal, physiopathology, Injections, Epidural, Intervertebral Disk, transplantation, Intervertebral Disk Displacement, complications, physiopathology, Lumbar Vertebrae, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Sciatic Nerve, physiopathology, Sensory Thresholds, Stress, Mechanical, Thalamus, physiopathology, Time Factors
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2008-12-09 07:18
Posten ändrad:
2010-02-05 15:09

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