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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Evidence of a reproductive barrier between two forms of the marine periwinkle Littorina fabalis (Gastropoda)

Författare och institution:
Andrey Tatarenkov (Institutionen för marin ekologi); Kerstin Johannesson (Institutionen för marin ekologi & Institutionen för marin ekologi, Tjärnö marinbiologiska laboratorium)
Publicerad i:
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 63 ( 3 ) s. 349-365
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Studies of allozyme variation may reveal unexpected patterns of genetic variation which challenge earlier conclusions of species delimitations based on morphological data. However, allozyme variation alone may not be sufficient to resolve this kind of problem. For example, populations of the marine intertidal snail Littorina fabalis (= Littorina mariae) from wave exposed parts and from protected parts of the same shores are distinguished by different alleles of arginine kinase (Ark) while indifferent, or very nearly so, in another 29 loci. Intermediate populations have large deficiencies of exposed/sheltered heterozygote classes of Ark and we have earlier suggested habitat-related selection in this locus as the explanation. In this study we estimated growth rate of individual snails of different Ark-genotypes in three different habitats (exposed, sheltered and intermediate). In all habitats the snails homozygous for alleles of 'exposed' type grew faster and matured at a larger size than did snails homozygous for alleles of 'sheltered' types. This relationship was indirectly confirmed in three additional sites of intermediate exposure where exposed Ark-genotypes dominated among large (>8 mm) snails while the sheltered genotypes dominated among small (<5 mm) snails of truly sympatric samples. We furthermore found small differences in allele frequencies of two other loci (Pgi and Pgm-2) and in shell colour frequencies, comparing sympatric snails of exposed and sheltered Ark-homozygotes. Although we found no signs of habitat-related selection among snails of different Ark-genotype, or selection against heterozygotes, we cannot reject selection in Ark, as our experiments only covered one island, one season and grown-up snails. The coupling between allozyme and phenotypic characters in strictly sympatric samples of snails suggests the presence of two gene pools. Perhaps the large and small forms of L. fabalis represent very closely related cryptic taxa. However, introgression between them seems a possible explanation for the striking similarities in the vast majority of morphological and allozyme characters. (C) 1998 The Linnean Society of London.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
Biokemi och molekylärbiologi ->
Cell- och molekylärbiologi ->
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
Ekologi ->
Etologi och beteendeekologi
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
allozymes, arginine kinase, colour variation, cryptic species, growth rate, reproductive isolation, wave exposure, dogwhelk nucella-lapillus, 2 sympatric morphs, saxatilis olivi, allozyme variation, microgeographic variation, genetic-variation, snail, differentiation, prosobranchia, populations
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2008-11-25 14:22
Posten ändrad:
2008-12-31 16:51

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