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Assessment of accessibility to water in a rural area with limited water resources. The case of Bugesera region in Rwanda

Författare och institution:
Jean Paul Dushimumuremyi (Kulturgeografiska institutionen); Margareta Espling (Kulturgeografiska institutionen); Petter Pilesjö (-)
Publicerad i:
Paper presented at in the 31st Geographical Congress, Tunis, August 12-15, 2008,
Konferensbidrag, övrigt
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Bugesera is an area of Rwanda characterized by the insufficiency of water to meet the most basic livelihood needs of its population. Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), spatial analysis, quantitative as well as qualitative data, this study identified that surface water resources, mainly rivers surrounding the area, lakes, ponds, wetlands and potential areas of springs, were the only water resources readily accessible to the population. Due to financial and technical difficulties, potential areas of groundwater are not used effectively and the maintenance of water systems supplying water from remote areas is not efficient. Therefore, most of the water systems are not functioning and where they do work, water is not available all the time. Further, most people travel long distances to collect water where it is free of charge as they cannot afford the price of water from these water systems. Exploring different scenarios to improve water accessibility by the use of groundwater and irrigation, results show that the problem remains in the major part of Bugesera. Improvement could be effective by taking measures concerning rainwater harvesting, limitation of the population growth and development of settlements in areas where water resources are available.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap ->
Fysisk geografi
Social och ekonomisk geografi ->
Water accessibility, livelihoods, spatial analysis, GIS
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2008-09-09 14:41

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