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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Host-parasite kinship in a female-philopatric bird population: evidence from relatedness trend analysis

Författare och institution:
Malte Andersson (Zoologiska institutionen, ekologisk zoologi); Peter Waldeck (Zoologiska institutionen, ekologisk zoologi)
Publicerad i:
Molecular Ecology, 16 ( 13 ) s. 2797-2806
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Conspecific brood parasitism (CBP), an alternative reproductive tactic where some females lay eggs in the nests of other females of the same species, occurs in many animals with egg care. It is particularly common in waterfowl, for reasons that are debated. Many waterfowl females nest near their birthplace, making it likely that some local females are relatives. We analyse brood parasitism in a Hudson Bay population of common eiders, testing predictions from two alternative hypotheses on the role of relatedness in CBP. Some models predict host–parasite relatedness, others predict that parasites avoid close relatives as hosts. To distinguish between the alternatives, we use a novel approach, where the relatedness of host–parasite pairs is tested against the spatial population trend in pairwise relatedness. We estimate parasitism, nest take-over and relatedness with protein fingerprinting and bandsharing analysis of egg albumen, nondestructively sampled from each new egg in the nest throughout the laying period. The results refute the hypothesis that parasites avoid laying eggs in the nests of related hosts, and corroborate the alternative of host–parasite relatedness. With an estimated r of 0.12–0.14, females laying eggs in the same nest are on average closer kin than nesting neighbour females. Absence of a population trend in female pairwise relatedness vs. distance implies that host–parasite relatedness is not only an effect of strong natal philopatry: some additional form of kin bias is also involved.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper
brood parasitism, female philopatry, joint nesting, kin bias, protein fingerprinting, local genetic structure
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2008-02-13 09:43
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 10:00

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