|Göteborgs universitets publikationer
Peritoneal fibrinolysis during pneumoperitoneum and laparoscopic surgery
Författare och institution:
Maria Bergström (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för kirurgi och kirurgisk gastroforskning)
48 s : ill.
Datum för examination:
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic surgery is believed to induce less postoperative adhesion formation compared with open procedures, but information regarding biological impact of a laparoscopic approach is limited. MATERIAL & METHODS Peritoneal response to laparoscopic surgery was assessed in human peritoneal tissue in two clinical trials (paper I & V). Human mesothelial cell response to CO2 was assessed in cell culturing media (paper II & III). Measurements of peritoneal pH was evaluated in an animal model (paper IV), and then performed in patients (paper V). Assays of the key fibrinolytic enzymes t-PA and PAI-1 were done at protein (paper I-III & IV) and mRNA levels (paper II & III). RESULTS The initial clinical study showed a similar decrease in peritoneal t-PA activity during both open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, there was a higher initial peritoneal PAI-1 concentration in the laparoscopic group, which might be attributable to prior exposure to CO2. The in vitro studies showed an up regulation of PAI-1 mRNA production in cells exposed to CO2 or acidic conditions, and that acidification could be caused by CO2. In vivo studies of peritoneal pH showed an immediate decrease to 6.5 during insufflation, reproducing the CO2 effect during surgery. He did not affect peritoneal pH. When initial peritoneal exposure to CO2 was controlled for, peritoneal levels of t-PA decreased and PAI-1 increased during laparoscopic surgery regardless of gas used. These findings are consistent with observations done in open surgery and indicate that the effect is related to the surgical trauma. However, the t-PA activity was better preserved using CO2 suggesting that use of CO2 might have less adverse effect on peritoneal fibrinolysis than He. CONCLUSION Peritoneal fibrinolytic response during laparoscopic surgery is similar to open surgery, but CO2 elicits specific biological effects. Exposure of peritoneum and mesothelium to CO2 leads to a local and systemic acidosis and seems to have direct effects on key fibrinolytic enzymes. The systemic acidosis is manageable through controlled ventilation. The clinical implication of the effect on peritoneal fibrinolysis is unclear, but the observations done in humans are consistent with a reduced propensity for adhesion formation.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
Laparoscopy, Fibrinolysis, Peritoneum, Mesothelial cells, Carbon Dioxide, Helium