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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Measurements of buccal tissue volumes at single-implant restorations after local bone grafting in maxillas: a 3-year clinical prospective study case series.

Författare och institution:
Torsten Jemt (Odontologiska institutionen); Ulf Lekholm (Odontologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Clinical implant dentistry and related research, 5 ( 2 ) s. 63-70
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure changes in buccal and proximal tissue volumes after local bone grafting and single-implant treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients were provided with buccal bone grafts 6 months prior to implant treatment in central upper incisor regions. Following a healing time of 6 months, abutments and single-implant crowns were installed and followed up for 2 years. Clinical photographs and impressions were taken prior to the surgical intervention as well as after crown placement and at first and second annual checkups. The photographs and study models were analyzed with regard to papilla regeneration and changes in buccal crest volume during the study period by means of a clinical papilla index and optical scanning of study models. RESULTS: All bone grafts healed without problems. A significant reduction of the buccal crest volume (-50%, p <.01) was observed in the grafted area before abutment connection. However, a significant increase of tissue volume (+100%, p <.05) was noticed at the subsequent crown placement, followed by a second but slow reduction of the volume during the following 2 years of function. The interdental papillae increased significantly (p <.05) in volume during the first year, almost completely filling up the embrasure areas after 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: It may be concluded that local bone grafting seems to be a valuable protocol to create sufficient bone volume for implant placement. However, significant resorption of the graft may be present, which reduces the impact of grafting on the esthetic outcome. Instead, placement of the abutment cylinder and the crown seems to play a more important role for reestablishing the tissue volume at the implant-supported single crowns.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Klinisk medicin ->
Odontologi ->
Kirurgisk forskning
Klinisk medicin ->
Odontologi ->
Oral protetik
Adult, Alveolar Process, pathology, Alveoloplasty, Bone Resorption, pathology, Bone Transplantation, Crowns, Dental Abutments, Dental Implants, Single-Tooth, Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported, Follow-Up Studies, Gingiva, pathology, Graft Survival, Humans, Maxilla, pathology, surgery, Osseointegration, Prospective Studies, Regeneration, physiology, Treatment Outcome, Wound Healing, physiology
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2008-01-23 10:57

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