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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Schizotypy and mental health in the normal population: A pilot study

Författare och institution:
Anneli Goulding (Psykologiska institutionen); Nils Ödéhn (Psykologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Abstracts of the 13th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID), Giessen Germany, July 22-27, 2007.Redaktörer: Jürgen Hennig, Martin Reuter, Christian Montag & Petra Netter,
Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Aims: The aims of the present study were to investigate the relation between positive, negative, and disorganised schizotypy factors and mental health and to provide a test of a quasi-dimensional and a fully dimensional model for schizotypy. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected in a random sample from the normal Swedish population (N=94). A simultaneous multiple regression analysis with the schizotypy factors (measured by the short-form Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences; Mason et al., 2005) as predictors of mental health (measured by the SF-36; Sullivan et al., 2002) was performed. Cluster analyses were performed to investigate schizotypy profiles, together with an analysis of variance to examine differences regarding mental health for different schizotypy profile groups. Results: The regression model showed that disorganised and positive schizotypy were significant predictors of mental health, the model explained 38.6 % of the variance. The cluster analyses resulted in three schizotypy profile groups; a positive schizotypy group, a low schizotypy group, and a combined negative and disorganised schizotypy group. The low schizotypy group had significantly better mental health compared to the other two groups. Conclusions: The schizotypy factors seemed to have more complex relations to mental health than first thought. The positive schizotypy factor had a U-shaped curvilinear relation with mental health; for the lower range of values on positive schizotypy, mental health decreased as positive schizotypy increased, whereas for the higher range of values mental health instead increased as positive schizotypy increased. The disorganised factor was the only factor that clearly predicted mental ill-health. These results support a fully dimensional model for schizotypy but also indicate that further development of this model is necessary.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
schizotypy, mental health
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2008-01-09 14:32

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