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Social transfer of predation risk information reduces food location ability in European minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus).

Författare och institution:
Jörgen Johnsson (Zoologiska institutionen, ekologisk zoologi); L. Fredrik Sundström (Zoologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Ethology, 113 ( 2 ) s. 166-173
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Little is known about how food location ability of animals is affected by social information of predation risk. This question was therefore addressed in an experimental study where naïve 'observer' European minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus) were allowed to search for food in a maze in the presence or absence of a predator (Salmo trutta). Observer minnows were accompanied by conspecific demonstrators which had previously been trained in the same maze either in the presence or absence of the predator. Observer minnows were most likely to locate food when the predator was absent both during their trial and during the pre-training of demonstrators. When demonstrators had been trained with predators, observer success in locating the food was halved, although they were never exposed to predation risk themselves. When observers were exposed to predation risk their probability of locating food was further reduced regardless of the experience of their demonstrators. Our results show that predation risk can affect the foraging ability of minnows both directly and indirectly through social information from conspecifics. We conclude that social information may influence and constrain individual behavioural decisions, especially in rapidly changing environments where private information is often insufficient.
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Etologi och beteendeekologi
Social transfer, predation, risk information, food location, European minnows, Phoxinus phoxinus
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-12-18 09:24
Posten ändrad:
2010-02-23 10:28

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