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Lokala politiska ledare - ett kollage av diskurser

Författare och institution:
Malgorzata Erikson (Förvaltningshögskolan)
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Förvaltningshögskolans avhandlingsserie / Göteborgs universitet, ISSN 1653-8358; nr 10
Antal sidor:
Göteborg University
Datum för examination:
Hörsalen Sappören Sprängkullsg 25 kl. 10.15
Sammanfattning (abstract):
In order to save what is left of the public trust in the political system, one of the most important tasks is to relegitimize the politicians. The general image of this group, the negative stereotypes and the lack of understanding of their complex duties, must be balanced, and the intention behind this study is to make a small contribution towards a more nuanced picture.

The aim of the study is to try, through discourse analyses, to answer the questions: How do political leaders, i.e. members of the municipal executive committees, interpret their roles as politicians, including their relations with others and the circumstances under which they work? And which consequences do these interpretations have on their political practice and their status in society?

A number of politicians in two Swedish municipalities have been interviewed, and I have observed on several occasions how these politicians interact in political meetings. It is the text constructed during these interviews and observations that represent the data collected for this study.

In the dissertation I have consistently tried to carry three theoretical perspectives with me, perspectives that help me to sort my empirical findings and make them meaningful in a context outside my cases. The first of these three is the power incorporated in the discourses. From theories of freedom and structural oppression I have tried to find examples of how discourses limit our thoughts and how some groups benefit while others suffer.

One of the main goals of my study has been to erase the oversimplified image of our politicians. But as it turns out, they are not afraid of creating stereotypes of their own, both of themselves, and - which is the second theoretical theme of the dissertation - of mass media.

The third and final theme has been the alleged conflict between leadership and democracy. Theories of democracy and leadership are created by two different scientific disciplines, political science and organization and management studies, where the latter more often than not concentrates on the private sector. In the study I show how the ideals from a managerial discourse collides with a more traditional idealistic one, and how these two discourses are fighting each other, thus forcing the politicians to take sides. This is sometimes difficult since the battle is fought inside the head of individual politicians. I also try to point out how the discourse of organizational democracy slides between these two other discourse.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Statsvetenskap ->
Studier av offentlig förvaltning
political leadership, discourse analysis, local government, democracy, indentity, politicians, roles, stereotypes, public administration, constructionism, organizational theory, Sweden
Ytterligare information:
Abstract (PDF)

Om avhandlingen (GU): I avhandlingen Lokala politiska ledare – ett kollage av diskurser görs ett försök att nyansera bilden av våra kommunpolitiker. Flera synsätt konkurrerar om hegemonin inom ramen för kommunpolitikerdiskursen. Genom diskursanalys av intervjuer med kommunstyrelseledamöter i två kommuner visar Malgorzata Erikson på mångfalden av diskurser och identiteter som kommunpolitikerrollen är uppbyggd i kring. Ur politikernas berättelser om sina relationer och arbetsvillkor urskiljs språkliga fragment som sätts samman till ett kollage av diskurser som ger en komplex men rimligare bild av kommunpolitikerna. Teorier för att tolka kollaget hämtas från bland annat ledarskapsforskning, demokratiteori, identitetsstudier och feministisk teori.
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-10-30 14:44
Posten ändrad:
2010-05-17 11:51

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