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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Ovarian expression of alpha (1)- and beta (2)-adrenoceptors and p75 neurotrophin receptors in rats with steroid-induced polycystic ovaries.

Författare och institution:
Luigi Manni (Wallenberglaboratoriet); Agneta Holmäng (Wallenberglaboratoriet); Thomas Lundeberg (-); Luigi Aloe (-); Elisabet Stener-Victorin (Institutionen för arbetsterapi och fysioterapi)
Publicerad i:
Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical, 118 ( 1-2 ) s. 79-87
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the main cause of infertility in women. Despite extensive research aimed at identifying the pathogenetic mechanism underlying this condition, the aetiology of the disease is still unknown. Evidence from studies on women with PCOS and on an experimental rat polycystic ovary (PCO) model suggests that the sympathetic regulatory drive to the ovary may be unbalanced. The present study was designed to investigate this hypothesis. Accordingly, we used the well-defined rat PCO model, where PCO is induced by a single intramuscular (i.m.) injection of estradiol valerate (EV), and compared the model with oil-injected controls. We studied the ovarian expression of the alpha1- and beta2-adrenoceptors (ARs), the neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR), and the sympathetic marker tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) at two time points: 30 and 60 days after EV injection. Our data demonstrate for the first time that all of the alpha1-AR subtypes are expressed in normal rat ovaries at both the mRNA and the protein levels. Furthermore, the expression of the alpha1-AR subtypes was differentially modulated in a time- and subtype-dependent manner in rats with EV-induced PCO. The ovaries in rats with steroid-induced PCO are characterised by an early overexpression of these molecules and p75NTR, while the beta2-AR was downregulated. An increase in the expression of ovarian TH after EV injection was also detected, suggesting a structural and functional remodelling of ovarian sympathetic innervation in PCO rats. Our evidence strongly indicates that the role of the sympathetic nervous system is crucial in the pathogenesis of EV-induced PCO. Overall, our findings suggest that therapeutical approaches aimed at down-regulating the sympathetic tone to the ovary could be useful in the prevention and clinical treatment of PCOS.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Animals, Blotting, Western, methods, Disease Models, Animal, Estradiol, analogs & derivatives, Female, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, methods, Gene Expression Regulation, drug effects, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, chemically induced, metabolism, RNA, Messenger, biosynthesis, Rats, Rats, Inbred WKY, Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor, Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1, genetics, metabolism, Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2, genetics, metabolism, Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor, genetics, metabolism, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, methods, Time Factors, Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase, metabolism
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-10-29 16:04
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 10:00

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