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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

The otic ganglion in rats and its parotid connection: cholinergic pathways, reflex secretion and a secretory role for the facial nerve.

Författare och institution:
Nina Khosravani (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för farmakologi); M. Sandberg (-); Jörgen Ekström (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för farmakologi)
Publicerad i:
Exp Physiol , 91 ( 1 ) s. 239-47
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Otic ganglionectomy in rats was found to have affected the parotid gland more profoundly than section of the auriculotemporal nerve as assessed by reduction in gland weight (by 33 versus 20%) and total acetylcholine synthesizing capacity (by 88 versus 76%) 1 week postoperatively and, when assessed on the day of surgery under adrenoceptor blockade, by reflex secretion (by 99 versus 88%). The facial nerve contributed to the acetylcholine synthesizing capacity of the gland. Section of the nerve only, at the level of the stylomastoid foramen, reduced the acetylcholine synthesis by 15% and, combined with otic ganglionectomy, by 98% or, combined with section of the auriculotemporal nerve, by 82%. The facial nerve was secretory to the gland, and the response was of a cholinergic nature. The nerve conveyed reflex secretion of saliva and caused secretion of saliva upon stimulation. Most of the facial secretory nerve fibres originated from the otic ganglion, since after otic ganglionectomy (and allowing for nerve degeneration) the secretory response to facial nerve stimulation was markedly reduced (from 23 to 4 microl (5 min)(-1)). The persisting secretory response after otic ganglionectomy, exaggerated due to sensitization, and the residual acetylcholine synthesizing capacity (mainly depending on the facial nerve) showed that a minor proportion of pre- and postganglionic nerve fibres relay outside the otic ganglion. The great auricular nerve, which like the facial nerve penetrates the gland, caused no secretion of saliva upon stimulation. Avulsion of the auriculotemporal nerve was more effective than otic ganglionectomy in reducing the acetylcholine synthesizing capacity (by 94 versus 88%) and as effective as otic ganglionectomy in abolishing reflex secretion (by 99%). When aiming at parasympathetic denervation, avulsion may be the preferable choice, since it is technically easier to perform than otic ganglionectomy.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Farmakologi och toxikologi
Klinisk medicin ->
Odontologi ->
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-10-25 11:44
Posten ändrad:
2014-09-17 16:06

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