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The dynamics of the carbon cycle in the surface water of the Norwegian Sea

Författare och institution:
Eva Falck (Institutionen för kemi); Leif G Anderson (Institutionen för kemi)
Publicerad i:
Marine Chemistry, 94 ( 1-4 ) s. 43-53
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Historical data of total dissolved inorganic carbon (CT), together with nitrate and phosphate, have been used to model the evolution of these constituents over the year in the Atlantic water of the Norwegian Sea. Changes in nutrient concentration in the upper layer of the ocean are largely related to biological activity, but vertical mixing with the underlying water will also have an impact. A mixing factor is estimated and used to compute the entrainment of these constituents into the surface water from below. After taking the mixing contribution into account, the resulting nutrient concentration changes are attributed to biological production or decay. The results of the model show that the change in CT by vertical mixing and by biological activity based on nutrient equivalents needs another sink to balance the carbon budget. It cannot be the atmosphere as the surface water is undersaturated with respect to carbon dioxide and is, thus, a source of CT in this region. Inasmuch as the peak deficit of carbon is more than a month later than for the nutrients, the most plausible explanation is that other nitrogen and phosphate sources than the inorganic salts are used together with dissolved inorganic carbon during this period. As nitrate and phosphate show a similar trend, it is unlikely that the explanation is the use of ammonia or nitrogen fixation but rather dissolved organic nitrogen and phosphate, while dissolved organic carbon is accumulating in the water.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Carbon cycle; Nitrate; Phosphate; Atlantic water; Norwegian Sea
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-10-24 16:05

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