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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Cardiac repolarization and its relation to ventricular geometry and rate in reverse remodelling during antihypertensive therapy with irbesartan or atenolol: results from the SILVHIA study

Författare och institution:
K. Malmqvist (-); T. Kahan (-); M. Edner (-); Lennart Bergfeldt (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin)
Publicerad i:
J Hum Hypertens,
0950-9240 (Print)
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Hypertensive left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is associated with a substantial risk for malignant arrhythmias and sudden death. According to recent results, antihypertensive therapy with the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker irbesartan reverses both structural and electrical remodelling. However, the relation between the LV geometric pattern (concentric vs eccentric) and electrical reverse remodelling has not been characterized, neither has the relation between repolarization and rate (QT/RR and JT/RR relation), which presumably reflects the propensity for bradycardia-dependent ventricular arrhythmia. In this study, repeat echocardiographic and electrocardiographic measurements were performed in hypertensive patients with LV hypertrophy, randomized to double-blind therapy with irbesartan (n=44) or the beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocker atenolol (n=48) for 48 weeks; 53 patients had concentric and 39 eccentric LV hypertrophy. In addition, 37 matched hypertensive subjects without LV hypertrophy and no current therapy served as controls. Irbesartan induced structural and electrophysiological reverse remodelling, independent of LV geometry. In contrast, atenolol had similar beneficial effect only in patients with concentric LV hypertrophy, while the response in those with eccentric hypertrophy was unfavourable with both prolonged repolarization time and an increased QT/RR slope (suggesting reverse-use dependence). In conclusion, there is a significant geometry-related difference in the reverse remodelling processes induced by irbesartan and atenolol. Echocardiographic characterization of the geometry in hypertension-induced LV hypertrophy might become an important step in the selection of optimal antihypertensive therapy.Journal of Human Hypertension advance online publication, 19 July 2007; doi:10.1038/sj.jhh.1002250.
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2007-10-17 10:06

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