|Göteborgs universitets publikationer
Severe defect in thymic development in an insertional mutant mouse model.
Författare och institution:
Erika Assarsson (-); Benedict J Chambers (-); Kari Högstrand (-); Emma Berntman (-); Carin Lundmark (-); Ludmila Fedorova (-); Stefan Imreh (-); Alf Grandien (-); Susanna Cardell (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för mikrobiologi och immunologi); Björn Rozell (-); Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren (-)
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 178 ( 8 ) s. 5018-27
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Transgenic mice were generated expressing NK1.1, an NK cell-associated receptor, under control of the human CD2 promoter. Unexpectedly, one of the founder lines, Tg66, showed a marked defect in thymic development characterized by disorganized architecture and small size. Mapping of the transgene insertion by fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed integration in chromosome 2, band G. Already from postnatal day 3, the thymic architecture was disturbed with a preferential loss of cortical thymic epithelial cells, a feature that became more pronounced over time. Compared with wild-type mice, total thymic cell numbers decreased dramatically between 10 and 20 days of age. Thymocytes isolated from adult Tg66 mice were predominantly immature double-negative cells, indicating a block in thymic development at an early stage of differentiation. Consequently, Tg66 mice had reduced numbers of peripheral CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Bone marrow from Tg66 mice readily reconstituted thymi of irradiated wild-type as well as RAG-deficient mice. This indicates that the primary defect in Tg66 mice resided in nonhemopoietic stromal cells of the thymus. The phenotype is observed in mice heterozygous for the insertion and does not resemble any known mutations affecting thymic development. Preliminary studies in mice homozygous for transgene insertion reveal a more accelerated and pronounced phenotype suggesting a semidominant effect. The Tg66 mice may serve as a useful model to identify genes regulating thymic epithelial cell differentiation, thymic development, and function.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP
Animals, Antigens, Surface, genetics, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, physiology, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, physiology, Epithelial Cells, cytology, Keratin-8, analysis, Lectins, C-Type, genetics, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic, Mutagenesis, Insertional, Paired Box Transcription Factors, analysis, Phenotype, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta, analysis, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta, analysis, Thymus Gland, abnormalities, pathology