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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

The gut microbiota as an environmental factor that regulates fat storage

Författare och institution:
Fredrik Bäckhed (Wallenberglaboratoriet & Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi, molekylärbiologi); H. Ding (-); T. Wang (-); L. V. Hooper (-); G. Y. Koh (-); A. Nagy (-); C. F. Semenkovich (-); J. I. Gordon (-)
Publicerad i:
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 101 ( 44 ) s. 15718-15723
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
New therapeutic targets for noncognitive reductions in energy intake, absorption, or storage are crucial given the worldwide epidemic of obesity. The gut microbial community (microbiota) is essential for processing dietary polysaccharides. We found that conventionalization of adult germ-free (GF) C57BL/6 mice with a normal microbiota harvested from the distal intestine (cecum) of conventionally raised animals produces a 60% increase in body fat content and insulin resistance within 14 days despite reduced food intake. Studies of GF and conventionalized mice revealed that the microbiota promotes absorption of monosaccharides from the gut lumen, with resulting induction of de novo hepatic lipogenesis. Fasting-induced adipocyte factor (Fiaf), a member of the angiopoietin-like family of proteins, is selectively suppressed in the intestinal epithelium of normal mice by conventionalization. Analysis of GF and conventionalized, normal and Fiaf knockout mice established that Fiaf is a circulating lipoprotein lipase inhibitor and that its suppression is essential for the microbiota-induced deposition of triglycerides in adipocytes. Studies of Rag1-/- animals indicate that these host responses do not require mature lymphocytes. Our findings suggest that the gut microbiota is an important environmental factor that affects energy harvest from the diet and energy storage in the host.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-10-16 15:19
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 09:58

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