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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Beneficial effects of orosomucoid on the glomerular barrier in puromycin aminonucleoside-induced nephrosis

Författare och institution:
Clara Hjalmarsson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin & Wallenberglaboratoriet); Martin Lidell (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk genetik och klinisk genetik); Börje Haraldsson (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin & Wallenberglaboratoriet)
Publicerad i:
Nephrol Dial Transplant, 21 ( 5 ) s. 1223-30
0931-0509 (Print)
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
BACKGROUND: In a hitherto unconfirmed report, orosomucoid was reported to ameliorate the nephrotic syndrome induced by puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) in rats. METHODS: We wanted to test this hypothesis and extend the analysis of the effects on the glomerular barrier. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and fractional clearance for albumin (theta(albumin)) and for neutral Ficolls were estimated in cooled isolated perfused kidneys. Modern transport equations were used to estimate glomerular size selectivity and charge selectivity. Also, podocyte morphology was studied. Four groups of rats (4 x n = 8) were administered PAN intraperitoneally and treated daily for 5 days with orosomucoid in two different doses (groups A and B), albumin (group C) or saline (group D). Two additional groups of rats (2 x n = 8) were used as controls and these rats received either saline (group E) or orosomucoid (group F) but no PAN. RESULTS: Treatment with orosomucoid restored podocyte morphology and renal function from the damaging effects of PAN in a dose-dependent manner. GFR was significantly reduced by PAN (groups C and D) when compared with controls (groups E and F). This effect was partly (group A) or completely (group B) reversed by orosomucoid. The theta(albumin) was 0.002+/-0.001 (mean+/-SEM) in controls (group E) and was unaffected by orosomucoid per se (group F). PAN increased theta(albumin) to 0.020+/-0.001 in group C and to 0.021+/-0.001 in group D, while it was significantly less in group A, 0.014+/-0.001, P<0.05. The heterogeneous charged fibre model analysis revealed that PAN reduced the relative volume of negatively charged fibres, phi, from 7.1+/-0.08% (group E) to 48% of this value in groups C and D (P<0.001); phi was 4.5+/-0.04% in group A, 5.3+/-0.44% in group B, and 6.1+/-0.11% in group F. CONCLUSION: High doses of orosomucoid completely normalized the glomerular barrier in six out of eight animals with puromycin-induced nephrotic syndrome. Thus, orosomucoid has a promising therapeutic potential for certain kidney disorders.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Urologi och njurmedicin ->
Analysis of Variance, Animals, Biopsy, Needle, Comparative Study, Disease Models, Animal, Female, Glomerular Filtration Rate/drug effects, Immunohistochemistry, Kidney Glomerulus/*drug effects/*pathology, Nephrosis/*drug therapy/*pathology, Orosomucoid/*pharmacology, Probability, Puromycin Aminonucleoside, Random Allocation, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Reference Values, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Sensitivity and Specificity
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-09-21 09:28
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 09:59

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