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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Timed barium esophagogram in the assessment of patients with achalasia: reproducibility and observer variation

Författare och institution:
Srdjan Kostic (Institutionen för de kirurgiska disciplinerna, Avdelningen för kirurgi); Mats Andersson (Institutionen för särskilda specialiteter, Avdelningen för radiologi); Mikael Hellström (Institutionen för särskilda specialiteter, Avdelningen för radiologi); Hans Lönroth (Institutionen för de kirurgiska disciplinerna, Avdelningen för kirurgi); L Lundell (-)
Publicerad i:
Diseases of the esophagus, 18 ( 2 ) s. 96-103
1120-8694 (Print)
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
SUMMARY. The timed barium esophagogram (TBE) is a further development of the barium swallow, introducing functional and dynamic dimensions to the assessment. The purpose of our study was to assess the day to day variability of TBE parameters when scored in healthy subjects, in untreated and in previously treated patients with confirmed diagnoses of achalasia and to assess the intra- and interobserver agreement. After fasting, the subjects drank 250 mL of low-density barium sulfate suspension. Radiographs of the esophagus were exposed at 1, 2 and 5 min after the start of the barium ingestion. The heights and widths of the barium column and changes in these parameters over time (esophageal emptying) were assessed. Each subject was re-tested after a median time interval of 8 days. Healthy individuals emptied their esophagi effectively and promptly with no significant amount of contrast remaining in the lumen after 2 min. In the achalasia patients all TBE variables differed profoundly compared to the controls. There was an excellent intra- and interobserver agreement for all measured variables. The reproducibility of the static TBE variables from day-to-day was good, but not so for the functional assessment of esophageal emptying, having a correlation coefficient of only 0.50. The usefulness of TBE as a clinical and research tool in achalasia patients requires further evaluation.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Adult, Aged, Barium Sulfate/*diagnostic use, Contrast Media/*pharmacology, Esophageal Achalasia/*radiography, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Observer Variation, Reproducibility of Results
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-09-14 15:14
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 09:59

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