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Ansvar, kärlek och försörjning. Om anställda anhörigvårdare i Sverige

Responsibility, Love and Maintenance On Employed Relative Carers in Sweden

Författare och institution:
Ann-Britt Mossberg (Sociologiska institutionen)
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Monografier utgivna av Sociologiska institutionen vid Göteborgs universitet / Monograph from the Department of Sociology, University of Gothenburg, ISSN 0072-5102; nr 76
Antal sidor:
Göteborg University
Datum för examination:
Sappören, Sprängkullsgatan 25, Göteborgs universitet
Kari Waerness, Professor, Sosiologiskt institutt, Universitetet i Bergen, Norge
Sammanfattning (abstract):
In Sweden the municipalities have the responsibility to provide the elderly, ill and disabled with the assistance they need to make home living possible. Still, most caring takes place in the family and is performed by relatives. Sometimes a relative carer can be employed and paid by the municipality to perform the help. The aim of this study is to explore the situation of employed family carers. Another purpose has been to investigate how responsibility and work are distributed between society and kin care providers. The results are based upon a project containing four partial studies; a survey investigation based on a random sample with replies from 1197 relative care providers in Sweden representing one fifth of all employed carers at the time. This was followed by an interview study comprising 40 relative care providers and care recipients. The other two partial studies were targeted at social and elderly care management and home-help service assistants respectively. The carers are made up ofthree main groups ;children, spouses and parents. There is also a smaller group with siblings, daughters-in-law, other relatives and friends. The main part ofthe kin care providers consists ofwomen, but 15 percent are men. The clas s status is principally that ofworkers and lower civil servants, although all social classes are represented. Apparently, it is not easy to combine care for relatives with a full effort in the regular labour market. Despite the fact that most women were working part-time, it was sometimes problematic to combine shorter hours with the caring. Thanks to the salary, the majority of the kin care providers have not suffered any economic losses. Apart from the bread-winning aspect, the salary has another important significance - even though the monetary sUll at times is extremely small, it is regarded as recognition of the work. One conclusion, which can be drawn from this investigation, is that the employment and salary are a very appreciated form of support. The salary is a replacement for a work effort, and it has also provided the possibility to quit or reduce other work in order to perform the care. The majority of the kin care providers are content, although many ofthem want better employment terms and higher wages - or rather conditions which correspond to other care work, and a salary which corresponds to the effort. As far as the division between the society and the kin care providers is concerned, it can be said that a lot of the re.sponsibility and work lies with the relatives. Some relatives do not want too much societal intervention, but settle with monetary replacement. Others have apparent needs of assistance, and a working situation which is inhumane. In some cases, it even amounts to a societal abuse of people's responsibility for their relatives.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Paidinformal care, gender, elderly care, handicap, body, social policy, ethics, welfare state, maintenace.
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-07-17 08:38
Posten ändrad:
2007-07-18 15:14

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