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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Phylogeny of oligochaetous Clitellata

Författare och institution:
Christer Erséus (Zoologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Hydrobiologia, 535 s. 357-372
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Clitellata, with more than one third of all annelid species described, is briefly introduced, and an overview of the hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships among the groups traditionally referred to as oligochaetes is given. The presentation is placed in a historical context and describes the trend to move from intuitive, narrative approaches to more formal analyses of character patterns. Monophyly of the earthworms (the megadriles, or Metagynophora sensu Jamieson), or at least a major part of them (Crassiclitellata sensu Jamieson), and paraphyly of the 'microdrile' largely aquatic, groups are supported by both morphological and molecular data. Further, DNA sequences as well as spermatozoal ultrastructure corroborate that all leech-like taxa (Hirudinida, Acanthobdellida and Branchiobdellida) constitute a clade derived within 'Oligochaeta', closely related to the family Lumbriculidae. Molecular systematic studies also support relationships already identified on the basis of morphological data, e.g., the position of Naididae within Tubificidae, the position of Phreodrilidae close to, but outside, the same family, and the putative sister-group relationship between the newly discovered Capilloventridae and the rest of Clitellata. A recent study using 18S rDNA suggests that Enchytraeidae is closely related to Metagynophora, and that these two taxa, which contain all terrestrial oligochaetous clitellates, form a clade derived from aquatic 'microdriles' This refutes a recent hypothesis proposing that the ancestor of Clitellata was terrestrial. To a great extent, however, the basal resolution of the oligochaetous clitellates remains unclear.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper
clitellata, oligochaeta, phylogeny, cladistics, molecular systematics, gutless phallodrilinae oligochaeta, acanthobdella-peledina annelida, marine tubificidae oligochaeta, 18s rdna phylogeny, rna gene-sequences, oxidase subunit-i, spermatozoal ultrastructure, molecular phylogeny, genital ducts, sperm types
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-06-18 10:02

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