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The privatisation of security and the changing relationship between the state and the instruments of violence

Författare och institution:
Joakim Berndtsson (Institutionen för globala studier, freds- och utvecklingsforskning)
Publicerad i:
Annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th annual convention, Chicago,
Konferensbidrag, övrigt
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The focus of this paper is the changing relationship between state and violence. Traditionally, the Westphalian state – in its ideal form – has been seen as a monopolist of violence and the chief provider of protection. In view of the large-scale privatisation of supposedly core state functions to private companies, most notably in the context of armed conflict, there are strong reasons to question this image of the state and to critically reassess its idealised relationship to the instruments of violence. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and to problematise some of the linkages between the privatisation of security and challenges to state control of force. The paper develops the thinking on privatisation and state control by combining three dimensions of control with a model for analysing patterns of privatisation. Departing from a basic discussion on civil-military relations, the paper also tries to pinpoint basic differences between public and private actors that may help explain challenges to state control. In the final section, some examples from Iraq are analysed. In the end, the paper concludes that while the framework is problematic in certain respects, it provides useful insights into privatisation and state control that can be used as a point of departure for further research into the changing relationship of the state to violence.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Tvärvetenskapliga studier ->
Freds- och utvecklingsforskning
security, privatisation of security
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-05-25 11:09

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