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Benthic nitrogen fluxes along a depth gradient in a microtidal fjord: The role of denitrification and microphytobenthos

Författare och institution:
Kristina Sundbäck (Institutionen för marin ekologi); Frank Linares (Institutionen för marin ekologi); Fredrik Larson (Institutionen för marin ekologi); Angela Wulff (Institutionen för marin ekologi); Anna Engelsen (Institutionen för marin ekologi)
Publicerad i:
Limnology and Oceanography, 49 ( 4 ) s. 1095-1107
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
In littoral sediments, microphytobenthic (MPB) nitrogen assimilation often exceeds nitrogen removal by denitrification, partly because MPB activity suppresses denitrification. Little is known about the balance between these two processes at sublittoral depths. Benthic pigment composition, light and dark oxygen, and nutrient fluxes (NO3-, NH4+, dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), PO43-, Si(OH)(4)), as well as denitrification were measured between 1 and 15 m in depth in Gullmar Fjord (Skagerrak) in spring and autumn. The hypothesis was that the assimilation/denitrification ratio would decrease with depth, along with decreasing MPB activity caused by light limitation. MPB photosynthesis occurred along the entire depth gradient, although sediments were net autotrophic only above 5 m. Inorganic nitrogen (DIN) (and silica) flux changed along the depth gradient, the general pattern being sediment uptake at less than or equal to5 m and efflux at greater than or equal to10 m depth. DON flux (similar to50% of total dissolved nitrogen flux) showed a less clear pattern. Two trends regarding DIN fluxes and denitrification-significant light effects and negative correlations with gross primary productivity-showed that MPB activity influenced nitrogen (N) turnover. Although denitrification increased with depth, rates remained low (<0.4 mmol N m(-2) d(-1)), and MPB assimilation (0.2-3.6 mmol N m(-2) d(-1)) exceeded or equaled denitrification. MPB incorporated similar to35% of the remineralized N along the depth gradient, whereas denitrification removed similar to20%. Thus, the influence of MPB on benthic nitrogen turnover, denitrification included, extends to sublittoral depths. Further, denitrification does not necessarily remove more N in the deeper, heterotrophic part of the photic zone, compared to the littoral, autotrophic zone.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Biologiska vetenskaper ->
coupled nitrification-denitrification, northern adriatic sea, river-colne estuary, intertidal sediments, seasonal-variation, nitrate reduction, continental-shelf, marine-sediments, temperate lagoon, nutrient fluxes
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-05-24 09:31
Posten ändrad:
2011-01-20 10:00

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