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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Cardiac concentric remodelling induced by non-aromatizable (dihydro-)testosterone is antagonized by oestradiol in ovariectomized rats

Författare och institution:
Åsa Tivesten (Wallenberglaboratoriet); Entela Bollano (Wallenberglaboratoriet); Henrik Nyström (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för farmakologi); Camilla Alexanderson (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för farmakologi); Göran Bergström (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för farmakologi); Agneta Holmäng (Wallenberglaboratoriet)
Publicerad i:
J Endocrinol, 189 ( 3 ) s. 485-91
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Previous studies on the cardiovascular effects of androgens in females, most of them using testosterone treatment, have yielded conflicting results. Testosterone is metabolized into oestradiol (E2) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) within cardiovascular tissues. The aim of the present study was to explore the cardiovascular effects exerted by E2 and the non-aromatizable androgen DHT and to study possible interactions between these in female rats. Ovariectomized rats were treated with DHT, E2, or DHT+E2 for 6 weeks. DHT increased left-ventricular posterior wall thickness, assessed by echocardiography, whereas left-ventricular dimension, as well as total heart weight and calculated left-ventricular mass, were unchanged. DHT also increased the levels of insulin-like growth factor-I mRNA in the left ventricle. E2 abolished the effect of DHT on left-ventricular remodelling and insulin-like growth factor-I mRNA when the two treatments were given in combination. E2 also reduced androgen receptor mRNA levels in the heart. Neither E2 nor DHT changed blood pressure measured by telemetry. In conclusion, treatment with the endogenous non-aromatizable androgen DHT causes cardiac concentric remodelling in ovariectomized rats, possibly mediated by increased local levels of insulin-like growth factor-I. The effect of DHT on cardiac wall thickness was antagonized by E2, possibly through downregulation of cardiac androgen receptors. These mechanisms may be of importance for the concentric left-ventricular geometric pattern developing in women after menopause.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Androgens/*pharmacology, Animals, Dihydrotestosterone/*pharmacology, Echocardiography, Estradiol/*pharmacology, Female, Heart/*drug effects, Heart Ventricles/drug effects/physiology/ultrasonography, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/genetics, Ovariectomy, RNA, Messenger/analysis, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, Androgen/genetics/metabolism, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-03-27 11:28
Posten ändrad:
2010-01-26 11:05

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