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The personal and general risks of age-related female infertility: Is there an optimistic bias or not?

Författare och institution:
Elina Lampi (Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik, Enheten för miljöekonomi)
Utgiven i serie vid Göteborgs universitet:
Working Papers in Economics (online), ISSN 1403-2465; nr 231
Antal sidor:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Based on a survey of a random sample of 1800 Swedish females aged 20-40 this paper investigates: (1). whether women are aware that the risk of female infertility increases with age, (2). whether the perceptions of the personal risk and the general risk in the own age group differ from each other, and (3). what factors can explain this possible difference between the stated personal and general risks. The results show that women do know that the likelihood of being infertile increases with age. However, they are less aware of the magnitude of this increase; especially the general risk levels given for women over age 34 are highly overestimated. A majority of the respondents aged 30 and older state a lower personal risk than a general risk for other women of the same age; thus, there seems to be an optimistic bias. This bias is even stronger for women who are also mothers. Thus, people with a positive personal previous experience feel that they are less vulnerable to the risk of infertility compared to others, while those without this kind of experience do not. If those who are mothers actually have a lower risk of infertility than others, then there of course is no bias. However, it is very unlikely that all women currently without children actually have a higher than average risk of infertility.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Ekonomi och näringsliv ->
personal risk; general risk; female infertility; optimistic bias
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-03-13 16:22
Posten ändrad:
2007-08-07 11:07

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