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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Brain death in ICUs and associated nursing care challenges concerning patients and families.

Författare och institution:
Ingvar Frid (Institutionen för omvårdnad); Ingegerd Bergbom-Engberg (Institutionen för omvårdnad); Hengo Haljamäe (-)
Publicerad i:
Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, ( 14 ) s. 21-29
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
In order to document the incidence and causes of brain death (BD) and the frequency of organ donation (OD) in a Swedish University Hospital, a retrospective review of deaths in a neurosurgical department and in the general intensive care units (ICUs), was carried out for the period 1988-1994. BD diagnosis was established in 197 (10.6%) of all deaths (n = 1843). The hospital records of all BD patients were examined in detail following a specific study plan. The majority of the BD patients (89%) were acute admissions to hospital, and among them 81 were transferred between hospitals often over a long distance. Among the BD patients the total number of OD was 65 (33%). The most common diagnosis leading to BD was spontaneous intracerebral bleeding and traumatic head injury. The BD diagnosis was established by neurological examination (60%) and by cerebral angiography (40%). Of the BD patients, 50% died within 48 hours in the ICU and the majority of requests for OD (67%) were made to the relatives of these patients. The findings are discussed with focus on the workload and psychological stress of ICU nurses when caring for BD patients and their families; a task which includes taking part in processes concerning BD diagnosis information and OD requests. PMID: 9652258 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2007-01-19 19:50

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