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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Workers' Politics, the Communist Challenge, and the Schuman Plan: A Comparative History of the French Socialist and German Social Democratic Parties and the First Treaty for European Integration

Författare och institution:
Brian Shaev (Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle & Centrum för Europaforskning (CERGU))
Publicerad i:
International Review of Social History, 61 ( 2 ) s. 251-281
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The Schuman Plan to pool the coal and steel industries of Western Europe has been widely celebrated as the founding document of today's European Union. An expansive historiography has developed around the plan but labor and workers are largely absent from existing accounts, even though the sectors targeted for integration, coal and steel, are traditionally understood as centers of working-class militancy and union activity in Europe. Existing literature generally considers the role coal and steel industries played as objects of the Schuman Plan negotiations but this article reverses this approach. It examines instead how labor politics in the French Nord and Pas-de-Calais and the German Ruhr, core industrial regions, influenced the positions adopted by two prominent political parties, the French Socialist and German Social Democratic parties, on the integration of European heavy industry. The empirical material combines archival research in party and national archives with findings from regional histories of the Nord/Pas-de-Calais, the Ruhr, and their local socialist party chapters, as well as from historical and sociological research on miners and industrial workers. The article analyses how intense battles between socialists and communists for the allegiance of coal and steel workers shaped the political culture of these regions after the war and culminated during a mass wave of strikes in 1947-1948. The divergent political outcomes of these battles in the Nord/Pas-de-Calais and the Ruhr, this article contends, strongly contributed to the decisions of the French Socialist Party to support and the German Social Democratic Party to oppose the Schuman Plan in 1950.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Historia och arkeologi
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-09-26 11:23

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