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Diet in 1-year-old farm and control children and allergy development: results from the FARMFLORA birth cohort

Diet in 1-year-old farm and control children

Författare och institution:
Karin Jonsson (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap, Chalmers); My Green (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap, Chalmers); Malin Barman (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap, Chalmers); Agneta Sjöberg (Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap); Hilde Kristin Brekke (-); Agnes E Wold (Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för infektionssjukdomar); Ann-Sofie Sandberg (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap, Chalmers)
Publicerad i:
Food & Nutrition Research, 60 s. 32721
ISSN:
1654-6628
E-ISSN:
1654-661X
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
BACKGROUND: A farming environment confers strong protection against allergy development. We have previously shown that farming mothers consume more full-fat dairy than control mothers, who instead consume more low-fat dairy, margarine, and oils; margarine and oil intake was associated with increased risk of allergy development in their children. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the differences in diet between children in farming and control families at 1 year of age, to investigate the relation between the diets of the mothers and their children, and to relate the children's diet to allergy development. DESIGN: The diet of 1-year-old children from dairy farming families (n=28) and from control families in the same rural area (n=37) was assessed by 24-h dietary recalls, followed by 24-h food diaries. Allergy was diagnosed by pediatricians at 3 years of age using strict predefined criteria. RESULTS: Farm children had a higher intake of farm milk, whole cream, cholesterol, saturated fat, and fat in total and tended to eat more butter, while controls consumed more carbohydrates and poultry and tended to eat more margarine. Farm children also had higher intakes of homemade porridge/gruel, oily fish, and iodine. The intake of butter and whole milk in children and mothers correlated significantly in farm families but not in controls. A weak negative association was found between seafood intake and allergy development, while allergy was positively associated with the intake of pork as well as zinc in the control group; these intakes also correlated with each other. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with mothers in farming families, the children consumed more full-fat dairy and saturated fat than did controls, but this could not be linked to the low risk of allergy in the farming group. Seafood intake might protect against allergy development, in accordance with earlier findings.
Länk till sammanfattning (abstract):
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Immunologi inom det medicinska området ->
Klinisk immunologi
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Lungmedicin och allergi
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin ->
Pediatrik
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi ->
Epidemiologi
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Näringslära
Nyckelord:
atopy; dairy farm; dietary patterns; fatty acids; infants
Chalmers styrkeområden:
Livsvetenskaper
Postens nummer:
242218
Posten skapad:
2016-09-22 20:48

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