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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

A century of trends in adult human height

Författare och institution:
James Bentham (-); Mariachiara Di Cesare (-); Gretchen A Stevens (-); Bin Zhou (-); Honor Bixby (-); Melanie Cowan (-); Cecilia Björkelund (Institutionen för medicin); Robert Eggertsen (Institutionen för medicin); Lauren Lissner (Institutionen för medicin); Annika Rosengren (Institutionen för medicin)
Publicerad i:
Life Sciences, 5 s. Article Number 13410
ISSN:
0024-3205
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5–22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3–19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8–144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälsovetenskaper
Postens nummer:
242081
Posten skapad:
2016-09-20 16:41
Posten ändrad:
2016-09-23 14:03

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