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An open-label study of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dabigatran etexilate 150 mg once daily in Caucasian patients with moderate renal impairment undergoing primary unilateral elective total knee or hip replacement surgery

Författare och institution:
Bengt I. Eriksson (Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper); Z. Mikuska (-); M. Feuring (-); J. Amiral (-); S. Haertter (-); J. Stangier (-); G. Nehmiz (-); J. I. Weitz (-)
Publicerad i:
Thrombosis Research, 144 s. 158-164
ISSN:
0049-3848
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background: In adults with moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CrCl] 30-50 mL/min) undergoing total hip or knee replacement (THR/TKR), the recommended dose of dabigatran etexilate is 150 mg once daily (qd). We investigated the steady state pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety in these patients. Methods: Single-arm, open-label phase 4 study (NCT01184989) in Caucasian patients receiving dabigatran etexilate 75 mg 1-4 h after surgery and 150 mg qd on days 2-10 (TKR) or days 2-35 (THR). Plasma total dabigatran concentrations (day 6 +/- 1) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and indirectly using the commercially available diluted thrombin time (dTT) assay (Hemoclot (R) Thrombin Inhibitors). Results: Of 112 patients (mean CrCl 42.5mL/min, age 79.1 years, 69.6% female), 100 completed the study. Geometric mean trough and peak dabigatran concentrations were 47.5 ng/mL (10th-90th percentile 19.7-120) and 166 ng/mL (49.1-364), respectively. There were four major bleeding events and no venous thromboembolic events. Dabigatran concentrations determined from dTT (and falling within the assay range of 50-500 ng/mL) underestimated actual values by 7.6% (90% confidence interval 5.3, 9.9), which is within the acceptance limits of +/- 15%. Conclusions: These findings in Caucasians with moderate renal impairment undergoing THR or TKR support the use of the 150 mg qd dose of dabigatran etexilate. With adequate set-up, calibration and quality control the dTT assay might be appropriate for situations, such as serious bleeding or a need for urgent surgery, where determination of dabigatran levels would be helpful. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin
Nyckelord:
Dabigatran etexilate, Renal impairment, Pharmacokinetics, Assay, Orthopedic surgery, Venous, direct thrombin inhibitor, chronic kidney-disease, venous, thromboembolism, prevention, enoxaparin, trial, classification, Hematology, Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
Postens nummer:
242009
Posten skapad:
2016-09-20 09:50

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