transparent gif

 

Ej inloggad.

Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Female Mice Lacking Estrogen Receptor-alpha in Hypothalamic Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) Neurons Display Enhanced Estrogenic Response on Cortical Bone Mass

Författare och institution:
Helen H. Farman (Centre for Bone and Arthritis Research); Sara H Windahl (Centre for Bone and Arthritis Research); L. Westberg (Institutionen för medicin); H. Isaksson (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi); E. Egecioglu (Institutionen för medicin); E Schéle (-); H Ryberg (-); J. O. Jansson (-); J. Tuukkanen (-); A. Koskela (-); S. K. Xie (-); L. Hahner (-); J. Zehr (-); D. J. Clegg (-); Marie K Lagerquist (Centre for Bone and Arthritis Research); Claes Ohlsson (Centre for Bone and Arthritis Research)
Publicerad i:
Endocrinology, 157 ( 8 ) s. 3242-3252
ISSN:
0013-7227
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Estrogens are important regulators of bone mass and their effects are mainly mediated via estrogen receptor(ER)alpha. Central ER alpha exerts an inhibitory role on bone mass. ER alpha is highly expressed in the arcuate (ARC) and the ventromedial (VMN) nuclei in the hypothalamus. To test whether ER alpha in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons, located in ARC, is involved in the regulation of bone mass, we used mice lacking ER alpha expression specifically in POMC neurons (POMC-ER alpha(-/-)). Female POMC-ER alpha(-/-) and control mice were ovariectomized (OVX) and treated with vehicle or estradiol (0.5 mu g/d) for 6 weeks. As expected, estradiol treatment increased the cortical bone thickness in femur, the cortical bone mechanical strength in tibia and the trabecular bone volume fraction in both femur and vertebrae in OVX control mice. Importantly, the estrogenic responses were substantially increased in OVX POMC-ER alpha(-/-) mice compared with the estrogenic responses in OVX control mice for cortical bone thickness (+ 126 +/- 34%, P < .01) and mechanical strength (+ 193 +/- 38%, P <.01). To test whether ER alpha in VMN is involved in the regulation of bone mass, ER alpha was silenced using an adeno-associated viral vector. Silencing of ER alpha in hypothalamic VMN resulted in unchanged bone mass. In conclusion, mice lacking ER alpha in POMC neurons display enhanced estrogenic response on cortical bone mass and mechanical strength. We propose that the balance between inhibitory effects of central ER alpha activity in hypothalamic POMC neuronsin ARC and stimulatory peripheral ER alpha-mediated effects in bone determines cortical bone mass in female mice.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin
Nyckelord:
trabecular bone, energy-expenditure, mineral density, midbrain raphe, leptin, osteoporosis, health, beta, osteoclasts, expression
Postens nummer:
241865
Posten skapad:
2016-09-16 10:45

Visa i Endnote-format

Göteborgs universitet • Tel. 031-786 0000
© Göteborgs universitet 2007