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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Precautionary Principle

Författare och institution:
Christian Munthe (Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori & Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa)
Publicerad i:
Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics, edited by Henk Ten have, s. 2257-2265
ISBN:
978-3-319-09482-3
Publikationstyp:
Kapitel, refereegranskat
Förlag:
Springer International Publishing
Förlagsort:
Cham
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Precautionary reasoning has deep historical and wide cross-cultural roots in the ethics of health, health care and medical research. As in general ethics, however, this side of bioethical thinking has not been the subject of focused critical analysis until recently. The emergence of the precautionary principle (PP) in general environmental and technology policy debate has, after an initial period of confusion, resulted in a range of possible ideas about the value of precaution and what sacrifices it may be worth. This has indicated some need for developments in ethical as well as decision theory. In bioethical debates, this process has left only vague traces, however. Although many issues exist where precautionary reasoning has a place, this is either often left unnoticed, or arguments developed suffer from elementary flaws. Environmental and general public health ethics, the ethics of evidence-based practice in research as well as clinical decision-making, management of normative or factual uncertainty and the nature of clinical ethical virtues are all areas where precautionary ideas seem to have a place. Such reasoning moreover has specific relevance for global approaches to bioethics and health policy issues in a number of ways.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER ->
Miljöbioteknik ->
Bioteknisk etik
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Medicinsk etik
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Forskningspolitik
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap ->
Teknik och social förändring
HUMANIORA ->
Filosofi, etik och religion ->
Filosofi ->
Praktisk filosofi
HUMANIORA ->
Filosofi, etik och religion ->
Etik
Nyckelord:
Clinical research; Decision-making; Decision theory; Emerging technology; Environmental health; Evidence; Ignorance; Risk assessment; Technology assessment; Uncertainty
Postens nummer:
241215
Posten skapad:
2016-09-02 16:07
Posten ändrad:
2016-09-06 16:04

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