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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Information Structure in Bantu

Författare och institution:
Laura J. Downing (Institutionen för språk och litteraturer); Larry M. Hyman (-)
Publicerad i:
Oxford Handbook of Information Structure, s. 790-813
ISBN:
978-0-19-964267-0
Publikationstyp:
Kapitel, refereegranskat
Förlag:
Oxford University Press
Förlagsort:
Oxford, England
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Over the past 40 years or more, the role that information structure (IS) plays in the prosody, morphology and syntax of the ca. 500 Bantu languages has been a topic of considerable discussion. This chapter provides a critical evaluation of the question whether IS directly conditions prosodic prominence or restructuring, as in more familiar languages, or whether the Bantu features are only incidentally associated with IS. Besides clefting, a common, but imperfect syntactic strategy is for the positions immediately before and after the verb to correlate with [±focus], while left- and right-dislocation with object marking on the verb more exactly correspond to [±topic], as in other languages. Among the morphological properties relevant to IS are the “inherently focused” TAM features (progressive, imperative, negative etc.) and the “conjoint-disjoint” distinction on verbs, as well as well as the presence vs. absence of the Bantu augment on nominals. Finally, we consider a range of tonal effects which at least indirectly correlate with IS (tonal domains, metatony, tone cases).
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
HUMANIORA ->
Språk och litteratur ->
Jämförande språkvetenskap och lingvistik ->
Lingvistik
HUMANIORA ->
Språk och litteratur ->
Språkstudier ->
Övriga språk ->
Afrikanska språk
HUMANIORA ->
Språk och litteratur ->
Språkstudier ->
Övriga språk ->
Bantuistik
Nyckelord:
topic, focus, IAV, metatony, topicality hierarchy
Ytterligare information:
Published online in 2015
Postens nummer:
241197
Posten skapad:
2016-09-02 12:09

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