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Agriculture, economy and population size in Sweden in the early modern period

Författare och institution:
Lennart Andersson Palm (Institutionen för historiska studier)
Publicerad i:
Food, Population and Health – global Patterns and Challenges. Proceedings of an Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Dynamics from Prehistory to Present. Lars Jørgensen, Niels Lynnerup, Anne Løkke and Henrik Balslev (red.), 7 s. 9-15
Konferensbidrag, övrigt
Fulltextlänk (lokalt arkiv):
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Using tax lists which enumerate households and average household size, the author previously estimated the population in Sweden in c. 1570 and c. 1630. These estimates have been considered too low by some scholars. Higher estimates have been suggested. To check the probability of the original figures, the author has considered some totally independent, but historically contemporary, sources. First, vital records, stretching back to the 1630s, have made it possible to compare estimated births and marriages with alternative population assessments. The population for 1630 suggested by the author gives a plausible birth rate of about 34 per thousand, a rate found in most local studies from the period in Sweden and Western Europe. Higher population estimates give unrealistically low rates. Second, comparisons were made between the estimated possible consumption of cereals (home-grown and imported) and livestock production that would follow from alternative population figures; Sweden has very good source material on agricultural production in the 17th century. Using the author’s population estimate, in about 1630, an adult Swede could consume at least 2 500 calories a day. The higher population estimates would have brought famine. The rapid growth of the Swedish population in the early modern period indicates that it was part of a more general expansion which was found throughout Northwestern Europe at that time.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
Historia och arkeologi ->
Ytterligare information:
Scientia Danica. Series H, Humanistica, 4. vol. 7. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-08-26 14:07
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-26 14:08

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