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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Perceived Demands of Schooling, Stress and Mental Health: Changes from Grade 6 to Grade 9 as a Function of Gender and Cognitive Ability.

Författare och institution:
Joanna Giota (Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik); Jan-Eric Gustafsson (Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik)
Publicerad i:
Stress and Health, e-pub ahead of print
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Sammanfattning (abstract):
The link between perceived demands of school, stress and mental health in relation to gender is complex. The study examined, with two waves of longitudinal data at age 13 and age 16, how changes in perceived academic demands relate to changes in perceived stress, taking into account gender and cognitive ability, and to investigate how these factors affect the level of psychosomatic and depressive symptoms at the age of 16. A nationally representative sample including about 9000 individuals from the Swedish longitudinal Evaluation Through Follow up database born in 1998 was included. A growth modelling approach was applied to examine relations over time. The results show girls to have a considerably higher self-reported level of mental health problems at the end of compulsory school than boys. This gender difference is entirely accounted for by perceived school demands and stress in grades 6 and 9. Students who were stronger in inductive than vocabulary ability reported lower levels of perceived academic demands and less stress in grade 6. There is a need to develop interventions for minimizing the consequences of stress among adolescents and modify those particular aspects of academic demands which cause stress and poor mental health, especially among girls.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
adolescence; depression; stress; stress coping
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-08-24 09:45
Posten ändrad:
2016-09-05 17:56

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