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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Pattern Recognition in Pharmacodynamic Data Analysis

Författare och institution:
Johan Gabrielsson (-); Stephan Hjorth (Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin)
Publicerad i:
AAPS Journal, 18 ( 1 ) s. 64-91
ISSN:
1550-7416
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Pattern recognition is a key element in pharmacodynamic analyses as a first step to identify drug action and selection of a pharmacodynamic model. The essence of this process is going from data to insight through exploratory data analysis. There are few formal strategies that scientists typically use when the experiment has been done and data collected. This report attempts to ameliorate this deficit by identifying the properties of a pharmacodynamic model via dissection of the pattern revealed in response-time data. Pattern recognition in pharmacodynamic analyses contrasts with pharmacokinetic analyses with respect to time course. Thus, the time course of drug in plasma usually differs markedly from the time course of the biomarker response, as a consequence of a myriad of interactions (transport to biophase, binding to target, activation of target and downstream mediators, physiological response, cascade and amplification of biosignals, homeostatic feedback) between the events of exposure to test compound and the occurrence of the biomarker response. Homing in on this important—but less often addressed—element, 20 datasets of varying complexity were analyzed, and from this, we summarize a set of points to consider, specifically addressing baseline behavior, number of phases in the response-time course, time delays between concentration- and response-time courses, peak shifts in response with increasing doses, saturation, and other potential nonlinearities. These strategies will hopefully give a better understanding of the complete pharmacodynamic response-time profile. © 2015, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Medicinska grundvetenskaper ->
Farmaceutisk vetenskap
Nyckelord:
duration of response, exploratory data analysis, intensity of response, mixture dynamics, modeling, onset of action, oscillatory response, physiological limit, response half-life, response-time courses, saturation, transduction, turnover
Postens nummer:
240342
Posten skapad:
2016-08-17 11:06
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-17 11:07

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