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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

PYY-Dependent Restoration of Impaired Insulin and Glucagon Secretion in Type 2 Diabetes following Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery

Författare och institution:
R. D. Ramracheya (-); L. J. McCulloch (-); A. Clark (-); D. Wiggins (-); H. Johannessen (-); M. K. Olsen (-); X. Cai (-); C. M. Zhao (-); D. Chen (-); Patrik Rorsman (Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för fysiologi)
Publicerad i:
Cell Reports, 15 ( 5 ) s. 944-950
ISSN:
2211-1247
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a weight-reduction procedure resulting in rapid resolution of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The role of pancreatic islet function in this restoration of normoglycemia has not been fully elucidated. Using the diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat model, we demonstrate that RYGB restores normal glucose regulation of glucagon and insulin secretion and normalizes islet morphology. Culture of isolated islets with serum from RYGB animals mimicked these effects, implicating a humoral factor. These latter effects were reversed following neutralization of the gut hormone peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY) but persisted in the presence of a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor antagonist. The effects of RYGB on secretion were replicated by chronic exposure of diabetic rat islets to PYY in vitro. These findings indicate that the mechanism underlying T2D remission may be mediated by PYY and suggest that drugs promoting PYY release or action may restore pancreatic islet function in T2D.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Klinisk medicin
Nyckelord:
beta-cell function, peptide-yy, glucose-tolerance, human islets, glp-1, channels, obesity, humans, models, yy3-36, Cell Biology
Postens nummer:
240186
Posten skapad:
2016-08-12 13:13
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-19 14:01

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