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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Psychosocial factors and sport injuries: Meta-analyses for prediction and prevention

Författare och institution:
Andreas Ivarsson (-); Urban Johnson (-); Mark Andersen (-); Ulrika Tranaeus (-); Andreas Stenling (-); Magnus Lindwall (Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap & Psykologiska institutionen)
Publicerad i:
Sports Medicine, Epub ahead of print
ISSN:
0112-1642
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background Several studies have suggested that psychosocial variables can increase the risk of becoming injured during sport participation. Objectives The main objectives of these meta-analyses were to examine (i) the effect sizes of relationships between the psychosocial variables (suggested as injury predictors in the model of stress and athletic injury) and injury rates, and (ii) the effects of psychological interventions aimed at reducing injury occurrence (prevention). Methods Electronic databases as well as specific sport and exercise psychology journals were searched. The literature review resulted in 48 published studies containing 161 effect sizes for injury prediction and seven effect sizes for injury prevention. Results The results showed that stress responses (r = 0.27, 80 % CI [0.20, 0.33]) and history of stressors (r = 0.13, 80 % CI [0.11, 0.15]) had the strongest associations with injury rates. Also, the results from the path analysis showed that the stress response mediated the relationship between history of stressors and injury rates. For injury prevention studies, all studies included (N = 7) showed decreased injury rates in the treatment groups compared to control groups. Conclusion The results support the model’s suggestion that psychosocial variables, as well as psychologically, based interventions, can influence injury risk among athletes.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP ->
Hälsovetenskaper ->
Idrottsvetenskap
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP ->
Psykologi
Postens nummer:
240174
Posten skapad:
2016-08-11 16:56
Posten ändrad:
2016-08-12 10:29

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