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Göteborgs universitets publikationer

Endozoicomonas Are Specific, Facultative Symbionts of Sea Squirts

Författare och institution:
L. Schreiber (-); K. U. Kjeldsen (-); P. Funch (-); J. Jensen (-); Matthias Obst (Institutionen för marina vetenskaper); S. Lopez-Legentil (-); A. Schramm (-)
Publicerad i:
Frontiers in Microbiology, 7
ISSN:
1664-302X
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Ascidians are marine filter feeders and harbor diverse microbiota that can exhibit a high degree of host-specificity. Pharyngeal samples of Scandinavian and Mediterranean ascidians were screened for consistently associated bacteria by culture-dependent and-independent approaches. Representatives of the Endozoicomonas (Gammaproteobacteria, Hahellaceae) Glade were detected in the ascidian species Ascidiella aspersa, Ascidiella scabra, Botryllus schlosseri, Ciona intestinalis, Styela clava, and multiple Ascidia/Ascidiella spp. In total, Endozoicomonas was detected in more than half of all specimens screened, and in 25-100% of the specimens for each species. The retrieved Endozoicomonas 16S rRNA gene sequences formed an ascidian-specific subclade, whose members were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) as extracellular microcolonies in the pharynx. Two strains of the ascidian-specific Endozoicomonas subclade were isolated in pure culture and characterized. Both strains are chemoorganoheterotrophs and grow on mucin (a mucus glycoprotein). The strains tested negative for cytotoxic or antibacterial activity. Based on these observations, we propose ascidian-associated Endozoicomonas to be commensals, living off the mucus continuously secreted into the pharynx. Members of the ascidian-specific Endozoicomonas subclade were also detected in seawater from the Scandinavian sampling site, which suggests acquisition of the symbionts by horizontal transmission. The combined results indicate a host-specific, yet facultative symbiosis between ascidians and Endozoicomonas.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Biologiska vetenskaper
Nyckelord:
tunicates, sea squirts, ascidians, Endozoicomonas, symbiosis, mucin, marine, 16s ribosomal-rna, gradient gel-electrophoresis, ascidian, cystodytes-dellechiajei, multiple sequence alignment, marine, natural-products, sp nov., bacterial communities, lissoclinum-patella, maximum-likelihood, antimicrobial activities, Microbiology
Postens nummer:
239789
Posten skapad:
2016-08-04 17:09

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