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Simulating secondary organic aerosol from missing diesel-related intermediate-volatility organic compound emissions during the Clean Air for London (ClearfLo) campaign

Författare och institution:
R. Ots (-); D. E. Young (-); M. Vieno (-); L. Xu (-); R. E. Dunmore (-); J. D. Allan (-); H. Coe (-); L. R. Williams (-); S. C. Herndon (-); N. L. Ng (-); J. F. Hamilton (-); Robert Bergström (Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi); C. Di Marco (-); E. Nemitz (-); I. A. Mackenzie (-); J. J. P. Kuenen (-); D. C. Green (-); S. Reis (-); M. R. Heal (-)
Publicerad i:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16 ( 10 ) s. 6453-6473
ISSN:
1680-7316
Publikationstyp:
Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig
Publiceringsår:
2016
Språk:
engelska
Fulltextlänk:
Sammanfattning (abstract):
We present high-resolution (5aEuro-kmaEuro-aEuro parts per thousand x aEuro-5aEuro-km) atmospheric chemical transport model (ACTM) simulations of the impact of newly estimated traffic-related emissions on secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation over the UK for 2012. Our simulations include additional diesel-related intermediate-volatility organic compound (IVOC) emissions derived directly from comprehensive field measurements at an urban background site in London during the 2012 Clean Air for London (ClearfLo) campaign. Our IVOC emissions are added proportionally to VOC emissions, as opposed to proportionally to primary organic aerosol (POA) as has been done by previous ACTM studies seeking to simulate the effects of these missing emissions. Modelled concentrations are evaluated against hourly and daily measurements of organic aerosol (OA) components derived from aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) measurements also made during the ClearfLo campaign at three sites in the London area. According to the model simulations, diesel-related IVOCs can explain on average aEuro parts per thousand aEuro-30aEuro-% of the annual SOA in and around London. Furthermore, the 90th percentile of modelled daily SOA concentrations for the whole year is 3.8aEuro-A mu gaEuro-m(-3), constituting a notable addition to total particulate matter. More measurements of these precursors (currently not included in official emissions inventories) is recommended. During the period of concurrent measurements, SOA concentrations at the Detling rural background location east of London were greater than at the central London location. The model shows that this was caused by an intense pollution plume with a strong gradient of imported SOA passing over the rural location. This demonstrates the value of modelling for supporting the interpretation of measurements taken at different sites or for short durations.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
NATURVETENSKAP ->
Kemi
Nyckelord:
basis-set approach, chemical-transport model, positive matrix, factorization, mass-spectrometry, carbonaceous aerosol, megapoli summer, united-states, europe, semivolatile, atmosphere, Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Postens nummer:
239606
Posten skapad:
2016-07-28 11:33

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