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Adolescent girls who drop out of sport report more body image concerns

Författare och institution:
Carolina Lunde (Psykologiska institutionen); Christina Persson (-)
Publicerad i:
Appearance Matters 7, London, Storbritannien, 28-30 juni.,
Konferensbidrag, poster
Sammanfattning (abstract):
Background: Dropout in sport is a pervasive problem among teenage girls in Sweden. Although efforts have been made to shed light on why adolescent girls drop out of sport, there are still many gaps of knowledge. In this study, the aim was to examine body image, and exercise and eating cognitions, among adolescent girls who drop out of sport. Methods: A follow-up questionnaire study, separated by a two-year interval, was conducted among adolescent girls participating in different sports (N=233). Between Time 1 (T1) and Time 2 (T2), 106 girls reported that they no longer participated in sport, whereas 127 girls still did. In subsequent analyses, these two groups were compared on various measures. Findings: Multivariate analyses, comparing girls who dropped out of sport with girls staying in sport, indicted significantly more appearance preoccupation among drop outs. However, they did not report stronger body dissatisfaction. Girls who dropped out also reported a stronger drive for thinness, and demonstrated compulsive exercise patterns. An important predictor of dropping out of sport included reporting that there was a strong appearance pressure within one’s sport at T1. Discussion: These findings indicate that the body may be an area of concern among teenage girls who drop out of sport. Although the study builds on follow-up data, it should be noted that the directions of effects remain unclear. The results of this research will be discussed from the perspective of Self-Determination Theory (SDT), motives for sport and exercise, and its implications for adolescent girls’ engagement in sport and exercise.
Ämne (baseras på Högskoleverkets indelning av forskningsämnen):
adolescent athletes, sport dropout, body image
Postens nummer:
Posten skapad:
2016-07-06 16:59

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